Question: What Are The Main Three Components Of A Protocol?

What are the 5 basic components of data communication?

“The five components of a data communication system are the sender, receiver, transmission medium, message, and protocol.”.

What are the 5 components of a network?

The hardware components are the server, client, peer, transmission medium, and connecting devices. The software components are operating system and protocols.

What are the most common protocols?

Contents TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) suite. ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) DNS (Domain Name System) FTP (File Transfer Protocol) HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure)More items…

What are the two main functions of IP protocol?

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two main functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing.

What is protocol and its types?

A protocol is a set of rules that governs the communications between computers on a network. In order for two computers to talk to each other, they must be speaking the same language. … IP/IPX (Network Layer) TCP/SPX (Transport Layer) HTTP, FTP, Telnet, SMTP, and DNS(combined Session/Presentation/Application Layers)

Why are protocols important?

Computers make use of protocols as well, to enable them to communicate. Devices need to communicate. … When two devices want to successfully communicate, they must agree to follow some rules about the way they will do it. These are known as protocols.

What are the key features of a protocol briefly explain each feature?

A protocol is a set of rules that govern data communications. It defines what is communicated, how it is communicated, and when it is communicated. The key elements of a protocol are syntax, semantics, and timing.

What is the most important component in communication?

Effective communication leads to understanding. The communication process is made up of four key components. Those components include encoding, medium of transmission, decoding, and feedback. There are also two other factors in the process, and those two factors are present in the form of the sender and the receiver.

What is the most important protocol?

Perhaps the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for implementing networking communications between computers. Among the most important sets of Internet protocols are TCP/IP, HTTPS, SMTP, and DNS.

What are the 3 ways of communication?

When communication occurs, it typically happens in one of three ways: verbal, nonverbal and visual. People very often take communication for granted.

What are the two types of line configuration?

Line configurations (or types of connections) are point-to-point and multipoint.

What are the main functions of protocols?

A protocol is a standard set of rules that allow electronic devices to communicate with each other. These rules include what type of data may be transmitted, what commands are used to send and receive data, and how data transfers are confirmed. You can think of a protocol as a spoken language.

What are the three major network protocols?

There are three main types of network protocols. These include network management protocols, network communication protocols and network security protocols: Communication protocols include basic data communication tools like TCP/IP and HTTP. Security protocols include HTTPS, SFTP, and SSL.

What are the key elements of protocol?

There are mainly three key elements of a protocol, they are as follows:Syntax.Semantics.Timing.

How many types of protocols are there?

Common Internet protocols include TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), UDP/IP (User Datagram Protocol/Internet Protocol), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and FTP (File Transfer Protocol). TCP/IP is a stream protocol. This means that a connection is negotiated between a client and a server.

What is datagram in UDP?

User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – a communications protocol that facilitates the exchange of messages between computing devices in a network. It’s an alternative to the transmission control protocol (TCP). In a network that uses the Internet Protocol (IP), it is sometimes referred to as UDP/IP.

What are datas?

Data are plain facts, usually raw numbers. Think of a spreadsheet full of numbers with no meaningful description. In order for these numbers to become information, they must be interpreted to have meaning. Who creates data? Data can come from a government census or organization surveys or research studies.

What are three main components of a data communication system?

There are three broad categories of communications system components: (1) transmission media, (2) hardware, and (3) software.

What are types of protocols?

Types of ProtocolsTransmission Control Protocol (TCP)Internet Protocol (IP)User Datagram Protocol (UDP)Post office Protocol (POP)Simple mail transport Protocol (SMTP)File Transfer Protocol (FTP)Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP)Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)More items…

How do protocols work?

A network protocol is an established set of rules that determine how data is transmitted between different devices in the same network. Essentially, it allows connected devices to communicate with each other, regardless of any differences in their internal processes, structure or design.

What are the main components of data communication?

Components of Data CommunicationMessage: The message is the information (data) to be communicated. … Sender: The sender is the device that sends the data message. … Receiver: The receiver is the device that receives the message. … Transmission medium: The transmission medium is the physical path by which a message travels from sender to receiver. … Protocol: