Quick Answer: Is Thalassemia A Serious Disease?

What is the best treatment for thalassemia?

For moderate to severe thalassemia, treatments might include:Frequent blood transfusions.

More severe forms of thalassemia often require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks.

Chelation therapy.

This is treatment to remove excess iron from your blood.

Stem cell transplant..

Is vitamin C bad for thalassemia?

Conclusion: B-Thalassemia major children who had multiple blood transfusion are at risk in iron overload and high oxidative stress. From the present study, no significant improvement in raising hemoglobin and concerning low dose vitamin C is not contraindication in beta-Thalassemia patients.

How do you inherit thalassemia?

Both types of thalassemia are inherited in the same manner. The disease is passed to children by parents who carry the mutated thalassemia gene. A child who inherits one mutated gene is a carrier, which is sometimes called “thalassemia trait.” Most carriers lead completely normal, healthy lives.

What is the life expectancy of someone with thalassemia?

Outlook. The outlook depends on the type of thalassemia. A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years.

What can thalassemia lead to?

Thalassemia can quickly lead to anemia. This condition is marked by a lack of oxygen being transported to tissues and organs. Since red blood cells are responsible for delivering oxygen, a reduced number of these cells means you don’t have enough oxygen in the body either. Your anemia may be mild to severe.

Can thalassemia lead to leukemia?

Abstract. Occurrence of leukemia in thalassemia major is a rare presentation. Here we report two cases of thalassemic patients, developing acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The genetic analysis revealed that, female and male patients were homozygous for IVSI-6 and IVSI-5, respectively.

What are the symptoms of thalassemia trait?

Thalassemia signs and symptoms can include:Fatigue.Weakness.Pale or yellowish skin.Facial bone deformities.Slow growth.Abdominal swelling.Dark urine.

Does thalassemia affect immune system?

Because of this, people with thalassemia are said to be “immunocompromised,” which means that some of the body’s defenses against infection aren’t working. When you are immunocompromised, it is easier for you to get infections and you sometimes need extra protection, like flu shots and other vaccines.

Does thalassemia minor affect blood pressure?

Beta-thalassemia trait (BTT) is a common genetic disorder in Mediterranean countries including Iran. Previous studies have shown the protective effect of BTT on myocardial infarction that may be due to lower cholesterol levels or lower arterial blood pressure in BTT subjects.

Can thalassemia major Be Cured?

Bone marrow and stem cell transplant from a compatible related donor is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia. It is the most effective treatment.

What should I eat if I have thalassemia?

Nutrition & Thalassemia Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia. It is recommended that patients going through blood transfusion should opt for a low iron diet. Avoiding iron-fortified foods like cereal, red meat, green leafy vegetables & Vitamin C-rich foods is the best option for thalassemic patients.

Is milk good for thalassemia?

Calcium. Many factors in thalassaemia promote calcium depletion. A diet containing adequate calcium (e.g. milk, cheese, dairy products and kale) is always recommended.

Can I donate blood if I have thalassemia?

Usually, individuals with hemoglobin levels that are too low are temporarily not permitted to donate blood. A low hematocrit level is one of the most common reason people are temporarily disqualified or “deferred” from donating blood, but some donors can actually have anemia and still be eligible to donate.

Is beta thalassemia a disability?

Only those with fairly low income and assets are eligible for SSI, even if they meet the medical eligibility criteria. With regard to medical eligibility, the SSA considers beta thalassemia an inherently disabling disease.

Who is most at risk for thalassemia?

Who is at risk for thalassemia?Alpha thalassemia most often affects people who are of Southeast Asian, Indian, Chinese, or Filipino descent.Beta thalassemia most often affects people who are of Mediterranean (Greek, Italian and Middle Eastern), Asian, or African descent.

What is thalassemia major disease?

Thalassemia is a blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form or inadequate amount of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in large numbers of red blood cells being destroyed, which leads to anemia.

How is thalassemia detected?

Doctors diagnose thalassemias using blood tests, including a complete blood count (CBC) and special hemoglobin tests. A CBC measures the amount of hemoglobin and the different kinds of blood cells, such as red blood cells, in a sample of blood.

Is thalassemia sexually transmitted?

Thalassemia Causes and Risk Factors Thalassemia is genetic. It happens when you inherit mutated genes from your parents that change your hemoglobin. You have it from birth. You can’t catch thalassemia the way you catch a cold or the flu.